Regional Eastern Europe Fire Monitoring Center



The Regional Eastern Europe Fire Monitoring Center (REEFMC) is associated to the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC). We are serving at the interface between fire science and landscape fire management by conducting fire research, training, facilitating inter-agency, multi-stakeholder and cross-boundary dialogue, including in the crisis regions like the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and Donbass zone of military conflict.

During the past decade significant changes of occurrence and impacts of fires affecting forests and other vegetation in the Eastern European Region have resulted in severe environmental damages, high economic losses and considerable humanitarian problems. Several key issues affecting wildland fire in the cultural and natural landscapes of temperate forests have been identified:

- Increasing rural exodus and urbanization, resulting in abandonment of traditional land cultivation (agriculture, pastoralism, forestry) and thus an increasing wildfire hazard;
- Urbanization resulting in a reduced rural work force, including availability of rural firefighters
- Increasing occurrence of wildfires affecting the perimeters of metropolitan areas, settlements and developments dispersedly located in wildlands
- Secondary problems associated with wildfires, e.g., those burning on territories contaminated by radioactivity and remnants from armed conflicts (e.g., unexploded ordnance, land mines, uranium-depleted
- Wildfires affecting agricultural lands treated with pesticides; landfills, other industrial waste and structures containing hazardous materials, especially at the urban / residential perimeters
- Consequences of climate change on cultural fire regimes and ecosystem vulnerability, e.g., transformation of former fire-excluded or -protected natural ecosystems or land-use systems such as peat bogs, or high-altitude mountain ecosystems.
Besides the direct fire damages of agricultural crops and forests, there are additional secondary and transboundary impacts of fires, e.g.:

- Effects of gas and particle emissions for human health
- Emissions from vegetation fires affecting the atmosphere and contributing to climate change
- Transboundary impacts of fire emissions on ecosystems, e.g. the consequences of deposition of fire-emitted black carbon to the arctic environment

Within countries there are different state agencies concerned with the prevention, control and mitigation of fire and fire effects and include Forestry Agencies, Emergency or Civil Protection Agencies, Public Health Agencies, Meteorological Services, and National Space or Remote Sensing institutions. Scientific institutions active in the research of the reason for fire use and the causes wildfires, the impacts of fire on ecosystems, environment and society, are calling for a more interactive and synergistic fire management approach at landscape level, involving strong inter-agency cooperation. The involvement of civil society to take more responsibility in fire prevention and self-defense of villages and other rural assets is needed.

The transboundary impacts of fire emissions, and sometimes border-crossing fires, are calling for enhanced cross-border cooperation in fire management.

In 2012 the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Forestry and Park Management, in cooperation with the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) and the UNECE/FAO Team of Specialists on Forest Fire, financially supported by the Council of Europe, decided to establish the Regional Eastern European Fire Monitoring Center (REEFMC) as a center of excellence in wildland fire research and for regional fire information management and exchange. The REEFMC is working at the interface of science and the user communities, particularly by serving national agencies in Ukraine and neighboring Eastern European countries with data and information, capacity building (training) and advisory services for developing fire management policies, and enhancing local and national fire management capabilities. The cooperation between Eastern European countries in fire management is necessary in order to share experience and – in case of fire emergencies – human and technical resources.

After the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine decided to host and co-sponsor the REEFMC, initial investments by were made in 2012 and early 2013, cosponsored by the Council of Europe and the GFMC, so that the REEFMC started its work in March 2013. National agencies responsible for fire management, regional partner institutions, academia and non-government organizations were invited to the official inauguration on 4 March 2013.


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